Renault captur problems forums

The model Renault Captur is produced by Renault between 2013 and 2020. They were produced 9 versions in total. The body type is SUV. The engine's fuel type is Petrol with transmission Manual and power 91 hp, 90 hp, 101 hp. ... 02. 2020. Possible internal failure in the steering column motor control. This will result in loss of steering ... gorilla tag skin codes Problem occurred: Strong electric whistle on Arkana E-TECH Noise, a very high pitched noise, similar to a common hybrid whistle but louder. Comes from the front left side, only audible when the EV indicator is on It is lost when the engine heats up the wheels and charges the car at the same time euphrates river bible When fitted with the automatic 'box, the 118bhp 1.2-litre engine car is a bit hesitant, but the manual version is much smoother and offers better performance than the 0.9. In the last year …They are not synonymous with additional consumption due to excessive overweight compared to a traditional thermal engine Captur. LIMITED AVERAGE CONSUMPTION Thanks to all these assets, Captur E-TECH Plug-in Hybrid has a normalized average fuel consumption of 1.4 liters/100 km (WLTP standard). how to read honeywell electric meter new Xiaomi yo upin Elvis Ato mic Record Player B612 Mini Portable Speaker Bluetooth Intelligent Audio Pocket Smart Speaker Music--Please note: This is the Xiaomi eco-chain product, there is …Find the location of the MAF sensor in your Captur, unplug the electrical connectors, and remove the sensor from the housing. Spray at least 10 spurts of MAF cleaner onto the sensor and then let it air dry for an hour or until completely dry. Do not use cloth or cotton swabs to clean the sensor, as it can damage it.Are you having problems with your Renault Captur? Let our team of motoring experts keep you up to date with all of the latest Renault Captur issues & faults ... house with patio in the middleThe 2016 Renault Captur has the most overall complaints, & we also rate 2016 as the worst model year ranked on several factors such as repair cost & average mileage when problems occur. The... Renault Group and Google are expanding their partnership. The "Software Defined Vehicle" will bring together the best of the automotive and digital worlds to allow for new on …Read below the Renault Captur reviews provided by Malaysian Car buyers. Read reviews about Captur performance, features & problems experienced by Car owners ... mushroom vendors near me A forum community dedicated to Renault Captur SUV owners and enthusiasts. Come join the discussion about performance, purchasing, reviews, modifications, troubleshooting, maintenance, and more!Detail on how to free a stuck fuel filler flap.Repair stuck fuel filler flap.No panel removal.You could even do it on a garage forecourt, if you had to in an. To reset the tyre pressure system warning light on the Renault Captur: On the windscreen wiper stalk on the right-side, press either of the two buttons on the end of the lever until 'TYRE PRESSURE SET' is selected. Renault electrical systems are unusually sensitive to voltage, and current demands are quite high so a tired battery will give rise to all sorts of faults, and quite often raise spurious warnings. The battery is the most likely culprit after only four years.RENAULT CAPTUR 0.9 TCe 90ch Stop&Start energy Intens Euro6 2016 from www.autosphere.fr. The xuv500 is down on power when compared to its rivals but it has a …Farvardin 8, 1401 AP ... Question Android auto not working on S22 Ultra ... (I believe) to make it work but still, AA is not working. ... 2021 renault captur.kit chra turbo Garrett Mitsubishi KKK Borgwarner ihi tous modèles véhicules, turbo dCi, HDi, TDi, CDi, JTD, au meilleurs prix web Spécialiste du kit réparation turbo, kit turb more frequently meaning kit chra turbo Garrett Mitsubishi KKK Borgwarner ihi tous modèles véhicules, turbo dCi, HDi, TDi, CDi, JTD, au meilleurs prix web Spécialiste du kit réparation turbo, kit turbWeird problem 64 captur Faults & Problems Had a weird issue with the car below 20mph i have a grinding/rubbing sound coming from the front passenger side wheel, went to garage to check breaks and wheel bearing both fine, they immplied that its the gearbox causing it and needs to be replaced quoting 1.5-2.5k for part, gearbox was... 0 52Problem occurred: Strong electric whistle on Arkana E-TECH Noise, a very high pitched noise, similar to a common hybrid whistle but louder. Comes from the front left side, only audible when the EV indicator is on It is lost when the engine heats up the wheels and charges the car at the same time ntc 350 cummins About Captur: Plus points: 1. removable/replaceable seat covers. 2. Higher seating position. 3. Spacious (basically a Renault Clio with ground clearance jacked up) 4. Rear seats can be moved forward and backward to free up more boot space if required. Double layer rear boot shelves. 5. Very well-equipped with GPS and reverse cam built-in and ...Renault Captur 2 Forum (Baujahr 2020 - aktuell) Captur 2 - Car-Hifi, Telefon und Navigation 2001 bmw z3 m roadster specs Discussion Starter · #1 · Feb 24, 2022 (Edited) Hello everyone, I am pushed to the wall with my Renault Captur 2014 1.5dCi. I have a problem with the battery charging system. When you start the car after a few seconds on the dash shows up a message - Battery Charging Fault - with battery indicator ON (RED).Renault Captur 2014: FB0091 foutcode. Bouwjaar: 2014, Brandstof: Benzine, Motorcode: H5F D4, Motorinhoud (cc): 1200, Vermogen (kw): 88. Na aanleiding van een airbagstoring heb ik het voertuig uitgelezen en hier komt het volgende uit als foutcode b0091. Hierop geeft hij dat het de aanrijdingssenor in het linkerportier is, nu heb ik de sensor in ...At Renault, we believe that every great journey is driven by passion. Each move that we make is underpinned by our desire to celebrate the joy in life and capture the special in the everyday. We combine unique French styling with cutting-edge innovation to make life easier, more sophisticated and more exciting for our drivers. Our cars are. moontellthat actual voice Jul 10, 2020 · Renault electrical systems are unusually sensitive to voltage, and current demands are quite high so a tired battery will give rise to all sorts of faults, and quite often raise spurious warnings. The battery is the most likely culprit after only four years. Oil leak on the automatic gearbox of a Renault Captur: Locate the source of the leak, and replace the concerned gasket, get it done by a specialist, opening a gearbox is not easy. It will cost you a few hundred euros, specifically for the labour. Do not hesitate to read our content page on gearbox oil leaks on Renault Captur.Renault Captur (2019) 27. 07. 2020 The bonding of the panorama glass roofing may be defective. As a result, it may become detached from the vehicle, posing … . bodywork • injury 3,385 Renault Captur (2013 – 2019) 10. 03. 2020 The positive terminal of the battery can come into contact with the heat sink on the alternator. This can lead to … . 2016 honda fit key fob not working Most unhelpful message ever on a 2018 1.3 litre petrol Captur. What a piece of junk this car is, fault after fault. My latest fault above. Drove the car for 30 miles thinking the battery was flat due to air con on too long at full blast. Air con off now while I did my 30 miles @ 60 Message still present.Negatives: 1. Super light steering without feel at all (same as the Cerato Forte and Hyundai Avante) 2. Diesel clatter is obvious when started and for the first few metres. After that, you can't hear anything though. 3. No spare tyre 4. Small 45L fuel tank. I consider this a -ve point since MY diesel is still not compatible as at now.Renault say they have reset the fuel gauge but cannot find a problem. What's going on? They have obviously disturbed the cable from fuel tank float sender to the fuel gauge.Find the location of the MAF sensor in your Captur, unplug the electrical connectors, and remove the sensor from the housing. Spray at least 10 spurts of MAF cleaner onto the sensor and then let it air dry for an hour or until completely dry. Do not use cloth or cotton swabs to clean the sensor, as it can damage it.List of owner submitted problems and fixes for the 2021 Renault Captur - Auto Insider. local 636 benefits The Renault Captur (Dynamique MediaNav dCi 90, to give it its full name) is the kind of car people who buy them describe as "easy to drive". These are the same people who when you ask what car is that, they say "a red one". I once reviewed the IBM PS/1 and was more than a little disappointed. The only thing IBM and I agreed … COMMENTSHot two-seat Renault Zoe e-sport gets 460bhp. Impressively, the upgraded Zoe ’s range is now only 17 miles short of the entry-level Tesla Model S, which can travel up to 267 miles between charges. bedskirts queen Esfand 24, 1396 AP ... Very true. The 110PS variant of the K9K diesel isn't as reliable as the 65PS variant in the Logan. My 110PS engine was marred with problems that ...Sep 21, 2014 · Negatives: 1. Super light steering without feel at all (same as the Cerato Forte and Hyundai Avante) 2. Diesel clatter is obvious when started and for the first few metres. After that, you can't hear anything though. 3. No spare tyre 4. Small 45L fuel tank. I consider this a -ve point since MY diesel is still not compatible as at now. View Renault Captur Forums (www.capturownersclub.co.uk) location in United Kingdom , revenue, industry and description. Find related and similar companies ... panoramic sunroof sunshade Renault Captur Forum. Renault Captur 2 Forum (Baujahr 2020 - aktuell) ... Hatte kurz ein Problem mit der Toolbox Software mit meiner FIN ( meinte die wäre zu alt und ... computershare transfer on death beneficiary letter of instruction Feb 24, 2022 · When you start the car after a few seconds on the dash shows up a message - Battery Charging Fault - with battery indicator ON (RED). I have checked the alternator charging current and even with this fault on the alternator was charging the battery up to 15.4volts. A friend of mine has a Launch diagnostic tool. Renault. Francouzská automobilka Renault byla založena třemi bratry v roce 1899. Renault byl až do roku 1996 státní automobilka a i dnes francouzská vláda kontroluje část společnosti. Renault Scénic • Renault Clio • Renault Zoe • Renault Captur • Renault Megane • Renault Grand Scenic • Renault KadjarBuy Timing chain for RENAULT KADJAR year up to 2016 from FAI Autoparts, FEBI Bilstein, SKF, INA, SWAG and other manufacturers of auto parts for Engine of RENAULT KADJAR 2016 cheap online on Bestpartstore.co.uk. "/> bonhams leeds Jun 21, 2020 · Most unhelpful message ever on a 2018 1.3 litre petrol Captur. What a piece of junk this car is, fault after fault. My latest fault above. Drove the car for 30 miles thinking the battery was flat due to air con on too long at full blast. Air con off now while I did my 30 miles @ 60 Message still present. Nov 30, 2020 · They are not synonymous with additional consumption due to excessive overweight compared to a traditional thermal engine Captur. LIMITED AVERAGE CONSUMPTION Thanks to all these assets, Captur E-TECH Plug-in Hybrid has a normalized average fuel consumption of 1.4 liters/100 km (WLTP standard). Hot two-seat Renault Zoe e-sport gets 460bhp. Impressively, the upgraded Zoe ’s range is now only 17 miles short of the entry-level Tesla Model S, which can travel up to 267 miles between charges. ar15 fin grip Renault Captur 2 Forum (Baujahr 2020 - aktuell) Captur 2 - Car-Hifi, Telefon und Navigation armstrong county detectives Oct 20, 2021 · Renault Captur The most common causes that hinders normal starting operation of your Renault Captur are dead key fob battery, dead 12v battery, corrosion on battery terminals, bad alternator, clogged fuel filter, broken starter, blown fuse, empty gas tank, immobilizer error or any fault in the electrical system. 1. Weak Battery Renault say they have reset the fuel gauge but cannot find a problem. What's going on? They have obviously disturbed the cable from fuel tank float sender to the fuel gauge. Renault. Francouzská automobilka Renault byla založena třemi bratry v roce 1899. Renault byl až do roku 1996 státní automobilka a i dnes francouzská vláda kontroluje část společnosti. Renault Scénic • Renault Clio • Renault Zoe • Renault Captur • Renault Megane • Renault Grand Scenic • Renault KadjarSep 21, 2014 · About Captur: Plus points: 1. removable/replaceable seat covers. 2. Higher seating position. 3. Spacious (basically a Renault Clio with ground clearance jacked up) 4. Rear seats can be moved forward and backward to free up more boot space if required. Double layer rear boot shelves. 5. Very well-equipped with GPS and reverse cam built-in and ... Renault Captur owner reviews “The Renault Captur is one of the crossovers to beat, thanks to low running costs and plenty of style” by Andy Goodwin 25 Jul 2022 slide 1 to 4 of 6 … wagon wheels recipe Recalls: Renault X87 Captur. In April 2015, a recall was issued for Renault Captur vehicles that had VINs in the range VF12R401EE0708109 to VF12R5A1HE0708927, though not all vehicles in this range were affected. For the recalled vehicles, the front under-guard liners may have been fitted incorrectly - this could interfere with the front ...hofstra spring 2023 calendar. newsmax on youtube tv. what is gravitational acceleration class 9; bbc bitesize solar system ks3Dey 29, 1394 AP ... Tim says farewell to the Renault Captur Dynamique, but not before ... A quick search of some online forums reveals owners have washed theirs ...Renault pride themselves on making some of the safest cars in the world. The safety cell comprising of ultra strong high tensile steel does away with the rear airbags, removing a device which saps up interior space. Euro NCAP dont have an issue with it, stating that side impact protection is very good. rubicon river map Renault Captur (2019) 27. 07. 2020 The bonding of the panorama glass roofing may be defective. As a result, it may become detached from the vehicle, posing … . bodywork • injury 3,385 Renault Captur (2013 – 2019) 10. 03. 2020 The positive terminal of the battery can come into contact with the heat sink on the alternator. This can lead to … .Renault pride themselves on making some of the safest cars in the world. The safety cell comprising of ultra strong high tensile steel does away with the rear airbags, removing a device which saps up interior space. Euro NCAP dont have an issue with it, stating that side impact protection is very good. cheapest urgent care near me The 2016 Renault Captur has the most overall complaints, & we also rate 2016 as the worst model year ranked on several factors such as repair cost & average mileage when problems occur. The...Renault Captur 2014: FB0091 foutcode. Bouwjaar: 2014, Brandstof: Benzine, Motorcode: H5F D4, Motorinhoud (cc): 1200, Vermogen (kw): 88. Na aanleiding van een airbagstoring heb ik het voertuig uitgelezen en hier komt het volgende uit als foutcode b0091. Hierop geeft hij dat het de aanrijdingssenor in het linkerportier is, nu heb ik de sensor in ... car accident kansas today We analyzed official data on Renault Trafic engine oil for 2 generations and 23 modifications produced from 2001 to 2022 and figured out the optimal liquids. The Trafic Generations [ show ] Trafic E82 / F82 (2014-2022) Engine: Capacity: Change interval: Oil type: Trafic III 1.6 dCi 115 DPF: 6 L-5W-30: Trafic III 1.6 dCi 120 DPF:.Renault Captur Forum. Renault Captur 2 Forum (Baujahr 2020 - aktuell) ... Hatte kurz ein Problem mit der Toolbox Software mit meiner FIN ( meinte die wäre zu alt und ...But despite these improvements, Captur has been subject to a few issues specific to the model. They include electrical problems. Reported Electrical Problems Users have reported several issues, and the most common are non-engine electrical faults. These affect the control of air conditioning and satellite navigation systems. can i drink coffee right after taking nexiumMar 22, 2021 · The most common causes that hinders normal operation of air conditioning system on your Renault Captur are dirty cabin air filter, refrigerant leak, dirty or clogged condenser, dirty or clogged evaporator, bad blower motor, defective compressor, faulty blend door actuator or any fault in the electrical system. 1. Dirty cabin air filter What are the most common problems with a used Renault Captur hatchback? Dipped headlights The headlights on some examples might not light the road ahead correctly on dipped beam. The beam... engraving stencils for gun engraving It’s time to make that choice a reality. • Finishing college is the best thing ever. It’s time to live your life however you want, and not let anyone tell you what to do. • College is now.Latest 2021 Renault Captur Problems 1 response Stop start engine some time taking of at junction Every now again taking of from a junction on the stop and go it cuts out and takes two or three press of the start button to start and one day a car will run into back 2021 Renault Captur 998 Posted: Jul 29, 2022 2 responses astral valley festival 2022 Sep 21, 2014 · Negatives: 1. Super light steering without feel at all (same as the Cerato Forte and Hyundai Avante) 2. Diesel clatter is obvious when started and for the first few metres. After that, you can't hear anything though. 3. No spare tyre 4. Small 45L fuel tank. I consider this a -ve point since MY diesel is still not compatible as at now. Most unhelpful message ever on a 2018 1.3 litre petrol Captur. What a piece of junk this car is, fault after fault. My latest fault above. Drove the car for 30 miles thinking the battery was flat due to air con on too long at full blast. Air con off now while I did my 30 miles @ 60 Message still present.Hot two-seat Renault Zoe e-sport gets 460bhp. Impressively, the upgraded Zoe ’s range is now only 17 miles short of the entry-level Tesla Model S, which can travel up to 267 miles between charges.Renault. Francouzská automobilka Renault byla založena třemi bratry v roce 1899. Renault byl až do roku 1996 státní automobilka a i dnes francouzská vláda kontroluje část společnosti. Renault Scénic • Renault Clio • Renault Zoe • Renault Captur • Renault Megane • Renault Grand Scenic • Renault Kadjar piedmont ceo salary Problem occurred: Strong electric whistle on Arkana E-TECH Noise, a very high pitched noise, similar to a common hybrid whistle but louder. Comes from the front left side, only audible when the EV indicator is on It is lost when the engine heats up the wheels and charges the car at the same time Weird problem 64 captur Faults & Problems Had a weird issue with the car below 20mph i have a grinding/rubbing sound coming from the front passenger side wheel, went to garage to check breaks and wheel bearing both fine, they immplied that its the gearbox causing it and needs to be replaced quoting 1.5-2.5k for part, gearbox was... 0 52For some reason it waits even longer in “auto mode”, only a few more mph though in each gear, possibly a safety margin to ensure the relatively small engine doesn’t labour in too high a gear. Could it be possible there’s a difference in speed the gearbox ecu sees that resolves itself once above a certain temperature. bay county mugshots 2021 Topic: Small car, high driving position Page: 1 2 : Message posted by path20 31/10/2022 at 1:59pm Outfit: None Entered Location: Lancashire Joined: 31/8/2005 View …hubcap vs center cap recoil gui pure nails spa instagram. cognitive distortion definition; glucose powder. photo direct; gypsy flamenco music youtubeApr 11, 2022 · Renault Captur 2 Forum (Baujahr 2020 - aktuell) Captur 2 - Car-Hifi, Telefon und Navigation boil water notice near me About Captur: Plus points: 1. removable/replaceable seat covers. 2. Higher seating position. 3. Spacious (basically a Renault Clio with ground clearance jacked up) 4. Rear seats can be moved forward and backward to free up more boot space if required. Double layer rear boot shelves. 5. Very well-equipped with GPS and reverse cam built-in and ...In the following overview, you will find the most common problems for the Renault Captur, for which Renault has announced a recall through the EU Rapex system. For recalls and faults found in the UK scroll down. If the problem is corrected in time, it may not affect the overall reliability of your Renault Captur. However, the fault can often remain unresolved because the previous owner didn´t know about the recall or ignored the manufacturer’s letter. Het Renault Captur forum voor mensen met problemen met hun auto. Al ruim 25 opgeloste problemen in de categorie Renault... wineries in fredericksburg va Used Renault Grand Scenic Mpv 2.0 Vvt Privilege 5dr in Birmingham, West from www.highwaysalesltd.co.uk. This listing is for 1 x 510016410 luk concentric slave cylinder …Apr 11, 2022 · Renault Captur 2 Forum (Baujahr 2020 - aktuell) Captur 2 - Car-Hifi, Telefon und Navigation Renault Captur 90 tce dynamique s - Known faults - toshtwo Considering buying Captur for my wife, does any know of any problems with this model, I know Renault have a poor reliability record but most of the running gear is now shared with the Nissan Duke and it looks a great car, Thanks in advance t***two Reply | Report as offensive | LinkVous pouvez filtrer les pannes par année et . 2. MPG . New smarter and - mainly - more practical interior. Affects Renault Clio II 1.2 & 1.4 petrol models (2001-2008) A softwareBut for the same size engine, you can get a Captur. The Captur would be the easy choice. It's really the same size as the old Scenics – it's a size that's just so easy to live with. Made for European sized people to get in and out easily of and throw their junk from shopping in the back. User #432308 16448 posts. 084000026 tax id Detail on how to free a stuck fuel filler flap.Repair stuck fuel filler flap.No panel removal.You could even do it on a garage forecourt, if you had to in an. To reset the tyre pressure system warning light on the Renault Captur: On the windscreen wiper stalk on the right-side, press either of the two buttons on the end of the lever until 'TYRE PRESSURE SET' is selected.Buy Timing chain for RENAULT KADJAR year up to 2016 from FAI Autoparts, FEBI Bilstein, SKF, INA, SWAG and other manufacturers of auto parts for Engine of RENAULT KADJAR 2016 cheap online on Bestpartstore.co.uk. "/>Jul 19, 2022 · Renault Captur E-TECH plug-in hybrid reliability & problems Although the latest Captur hasn't been on sale long enough for its long-term reliability to be properly assessed, we can refer to the 2020 Driver Power survey results for the car it replaced. The first-generation Captur couldn't have done much worse, finishing 75th out of 75 cars. best free oculus quest 2 games Latest 2021 Renault Captur Problems 1 response Stop start engine some time taking of at junction Every now again taking of from a junction on the stop and go it cuts out …Vous pouvez filtrer les pannes par année et . 2. MPG . New smarter and - mainly - more practical interior. Affects Renault Clio II 1.2 & 1.4 petrol models (2001-2008) A softwareAzar 29, 1398 AP ... Forum for technical problems and faults.Jul 19, 2022 · However, Renault claims that the full-hybrid Captur can cover up to 80% of urban drives in electric mode at up to 40mph, plus the car can 'coast' with its engine off at speeds above that. Switch on the E-TECH Hybrid and you start your journey in near-total silence, aside from the low-pitch hum the car emits when running solely on electric power. www.captur-forum.de - Das Forum für alle Fahrer des Renault Captur. juvenile court date Renault Captur owner reviews “The Renault Captur is one of the crossovers to beat, thanks to low running costs and plenty of style” by Andy Goodwin 25 Jul 2022 slide 1 to 4 of 6 …hubcap vs center cap recoil gui pure nails spa instagram. cognitive distortion definition; glucose powder. photo direct; gypsy flamenco music youtubeRenault Captur Forum. Renault Captur 2 Forum (Baujahr 2020 - aktuell) ... Hatte kurz ein Problem mit der Toolbox Software mit meiner FIN ( meinte die wäre zu alt und ...Latest 2021 Renault Captur Problems 1 response Stop start engine some time taking of at junction Every now again taking of from a junction on the stop and go it cuts out and takes two or three press of the start button to start and one day a car will run into back 2021 Renault Captur 998 Posted: Jul 29, 2022 2 responses m5 for sale perth Renault Captur Forum. Renault Captur 2 Forum (Baujahr 2020 - aktuell) ... Hatte kurz ein Problem mit der Toolbox Software mit meiner FIN ( meinte die wäre zu alt und ...Renault pride themselves on making some of the safest cars in the world. The safety cell comprising of ultra strong high tensile steel does away with the rear airbags, removing a device which saps up interior space. Euro NCAP dont have an issue with it, stating that side impact protection is very good.published 5 years ago. We have had our Renault Captur for 3 months and find it so easy to drive. Its fully loaded with all the features of the top end car.The seats are also very comfortable. It has a decent size boot space and we have shipped so much furniture folding the rear seats. seafood restaurant feasibility study Advice for buyers · What should I look for in a used Renault Captur hatchback? · Bodywork · Electrical faults · What are the most common problems with a used ...Hi, the problem with the clutch not returning happened again a couple of days ago, so definitely need to do something about it, one of the problems is im in France and don't speak the language, someone with a similar problem but in a Peugeot got charged 1300euros to fix the problem (I think they ended up changing the flywheel and a couple of other bits aswell) state cheer competition 2021 illinois Problem occurred: Strong electric whistle on Arkana E-TECH Noise, a very high pitched noise, similar to a common hybrid whistle but louder. Comes from the front left side, only audible when the EV indicator is on It is lost when the engine heats up the wheels and charges the car at the same time longhorn mountvolume setup failed for volume Esfand 24, 1396 AP ... Very true. The 110PS variant of the K9K diesel isn't as reliable as the 65PS variant in the Logan. My 110PS engine was marred with problems that ...Renault Captur E-TECH plug-in hybrid reliability & problems. Although the latest Captur hasn't been on sale long enough for its long-term reliability to be properly assessed, we can refer to the 2020 Driver Power survey results for the car it replaced. The first-generation Captur couldn't have done much worse, finishing 75th out of 75 cars.Mar 22, 2021 · The most common causes that hinders normal operation of air conditioning system on your Renault Captur are dirty cabin air filter, refrigerant leak, dirty or clogged condenser, dirty or clogged evaporator, bad blower motor, defective compressor, faulty blend door actuator or any fault in the electrical system. 1. Dirty cabin air filter beretta apx threaded barrel